Togo

The smallest state in West Africa has many treasures.

Its capital, Lome is located in the southwest of Togo and it bordes the azure waters of the Gulf of Benin, in the Maritime region. Lome combines tradition as long as modernity in a balance that contributes to make it a pleasant city to live.
 

Monument de l'Independance du Togo à Lomé


Its landscapes go from coastline bordered by coconut palms reminiscent of the South Pacific, to verdant mountains and picturesque valleys, undulating rivers and peaceful lagoons, or savannahs proliferating of wild animals.

 

A little of geography !


The Togo has the form of a corridor, located between Benin (in the east) and Ghana (in the west), stretching from North to South for about 700 km. Its northern border run along the Burkina Faso.

Carte des régions Togo

The Atakora, a mountain  of 850 km large, from Accra to the Niger River, crosses Togo from south-west to north-east, culminating at 986 meters at Mount Agou.

- Between two higher edges, the Atakora encloses an area of fertile and sheltered plateaus.

- To the south-east of Atakora is the eastern plain that borders, along the sea, the low relief of the "land of bar". It is separated from the sea by lagoons and a narrow coastal strip.

- To the north, extends the vast plain of Oti where the savannah begins, first relatively wooded, then grassy and dry going north.
 

Lome administrative capital of the country since 1897, is also the main city of the country with more than one million inhabitants (integrating its agglomeration). The port of Lome is the only deep-water port in the West African subregion, it makes it a hub of exchange with Europe.

Sokode, the second city of demographic and economic importance, is located in the Central region and has more than 100,000 inhabitants. It is an important commercial center for the surrounding agricultural regions.

Atakpame, capital of the Plateaux region is the 5th largest city in Togo with more than 80,000 inhabitants. It used to be a mountain refuge, with the city built on a hill overlooking the surrounding plain. Its landscapes are made up of forests and areas of crops (coffee, cocoa, cotton and palm groves).

A mosaic of peoples

The Togo has more than 40 ethnic groups :

The Ewe , the Mina in South, the Kotokoli in the Center, the Kabyes and Mobas in North constitute the majority groups.

But there are other groups such as the Akposso in the far west of the Plateaux Region, the Bassar in the center west, the Tchamba and the Konkombas around Sokode,
the Lambas in the Kante region, the Haoussa, the Peuhls and the Mossis quite to the north. Other groups include Tamberma, Guins, Lossos, Ouatchis and Gurmas.

Femme dans un village devant une hutte. Image by bruno gandon from Pixabay  

Fauna and Flora reserve

The Togo, adheres to the Convention on the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage of Unesco, and has natural reserves or protected areas located in a specific region or straddling between two regions.

Nine nature reserves are declared a priority and three of them proposed in 2004 to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Among these parks and nature reserves are:
  •    The Fazao-Malfakassa National Park in Central Region
  •    The fauna reserve of Aledjo in Kara Region
  •    The parc Sarakawa in Kara Region
  •    The Oti reserve and Keran National Park in Kara and Savannah Region
  •    The Mandouri reserve & the sacred Dung fountain in Savannah Region


Elephant in Savannah Region Togo

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